How to use CSS Grid and Flexbox to Create Responsive and Dynamic Layouts?

In the world of web development ensuring the responsive and dynamic look of your website on various screen and devices is very important. CSS grid and flexbox are the tools that may help us to achieve this goal. In this blogpost we will look how we can use css grid and flexbox to beautify our website.

CSS Grid

CSS grid is a technology that revolutionarise the web design world. One can easily create dynamic and responsive layout that can be adapt by any screen size. CSS grid is a series of row and column that is used to build complex and multidimensional layouts. The elements can be placed in the container and with control of size and position in hand of designer. CSS grid is also compatible with flexbox.

Benefits of CSS Grid

CSS grid is a robust tool with built in robust technologies and features. Let’s see:

Complete layout control: css grid allows developers to have full control over their websites. Complexed and multi-coloured layouts can be easily created with css grid. This feature allows to create attractive and creative websites.

Responsiveness: CSS grid automatically sets the web design for various screens that makes easy and simple for users to access the website from different devices.

Simplified Coding: CSS grid make it easy to code the complex tasks. Complex layouts may have a lot of code line but with help of CSS grid you may decrease the numbers of code line simply.

Improved performance: CSS grid is light weight technology that reduces the load time of website that results better website performance. Faster load time improve user experience and engage website visitor for long time.

You need to define the container as mentioned in the example below.

.container {

display: grid;

grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr);

grid-gap: 20px;


How To use CSS Grid

Defining The Grid

To begin using CSS Grid, define the container as a grid by using the display: grid; function. Then define the grid-style-rows and grid-style-columns using the grid-template-row function. You can use float-based units such as ‘fr’ for proportional columns and ‘px’ for fixed columns.

.container {

display: grid;

grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr 1fr;


In the example above, we have defined a grid with three columns of the same width. The unit for this grid is 1fr, which guarantees that they occupy the same amount of space.

Media Queries for Responsiveness

CSS Grid integrates well with media queries, allowing you to adjust your grid layout according to your screen size. For example, you can easily switch from a multidimensional grid to a single-dimensional grid on smaller screens to ensure a smooth user experience on different devices.

@media screen and (max-width: 768px) {

.container {

grid-template-columns: 1fr;



For this media query we have re-arranged the grid into a single column where the width of the screen is 768 pixels or less to make it mobile-friendly.

Auto-placement and alignment

CSS Grid’s auto-positioning feature is essential for handling dynamic content. You can easily place items within the grid by using the justify-item and align-item properties.

.container {

display: grid;

grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr;

justify-items: center;

align-items: center;


In this grid example, both horizontal and vertical items will be centered within the grid


Flexbox (short for Flexible Box) is a CSS layout model that will revolutionize user interface design and structure. Flexbox allows you to organize and align elements in a container with ease and predictability.

The advantages of using Flexbox are:

Easy alignment and distribution: Flexbox provides you with an intuitive way of aligning and distributing elements along both Horizontal and Vertical axes. Easily center and align elements with respect for each other and evenly distribute available space.

Dynamic and responsive layouts: Flexbox is great for creating dynamic layouts. It allows elements to automatically change size and position according to the size and orientation of the container.

Order control: The order property allows you to change the visual ordering of elements without changing the HTML source. This is essential for designing layouts where the order may differ from the logical order of the content.

Nested flex containers: Nested flex containers can be nested inside other flex containers and have their own flex properties. This allows for more complex layouts.

Common usecases for flexbox

1. Navigable Bars

With the help of Flexbox, you can easily create responsive navigation bars. This way, items can be positioned in a way that allows them to be equally spaced and centered.

.nav {

display: flex;

justify-content: space-around;

align-items: center;


2.Card Layouts

The use of card-based designs is becoming more and more popular in today’s web design. With Flexbox, it’s easy to create card layouts that can be adapted to different content length.

.cards-container {

display: flex;

flex-wrap: wrap;

justify-content: space-between;


.card {

flex: 1;

/* Other styling */


3.Vertical Centering

If you’re trying to keep elements centered within a container, vertical centering can be a challenge. That’s where Flexbox comes in

.center-container {

display: flex;

justify-content: center;

align-items: center;


Basically, CSS Grid is a great tool for creating modern, responsive layouts. It lets us build complex, 2D grids quickly and easily, making them versatile and adaptable. Flexbox makes it easy to align and distribute elements along one axis, making it easier to center and fit dynamic content. Both of these tools work together to solve a lot of layout issues. Whether you're building a responsive website or designing a user-friendly interface, learning CSS Grid or Flexbox can help you improve your web development and make your user experience better on all devices.

If you want to use CSS Grid and Flexbox to create responsive and dynamic layouts then learning from experts at HTML & CSS training institute in Delhi is highly recommended since you can get training about CSS grid and flexbox. You can also join web design institute in Delhi to learn more designing applications and languages.